Found in section 116 of the Constitution of Australia "The Commonwealth shall not make any law ... for prohibiting the free exercise of any religion".
This includes obtaining information via the confessional on the sexual proclivities of more than 2.5 million Australian [Insert your country name and its number of Catholic women here] Catholic women as targets for sexually active clergy.
Under s116 any action that can be described as a part of the religion no matter the purposes or harm caused to individuals, communities and the country can claim immunity on the basis of the freedom to practice a religion.
There is a growing body of evidence that the specific freedom as defined in s116 underlies the failures of governments, policing, health and more since federation that has allowed the unchecked abuse of children to exist for generations and has had a role in corrupting systems to work directly against every Australian who experiences rape or abuse.
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The modern Catholic Church is a long term equal opportunity abuser who abuses the rights of ordinary people from birth to death and billions of years beyond.